Compared to other cities of the republic, Brest is a rather old town, as it was first mentioned in 1019. There are churches and cathedrals of various directions, a variety of museums and old buildings, long and beautiful pedestrian zone there, but Brest's main claim is definitely the Fortress of Brest.
Compared to other cities of the republic, Brest is a rather old town, as it was first mentioned in 1019. The city is a historic site of many cultures. During medieval times, the city was part of the Kingdom of Poland from 1020 until 1319 when it was taken by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. It became part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1569. As a result of the Partitions of Poland, it was incorporated into the Russian Empire in 1795. After World War I, the city returned to Second Polish Republic. During the Invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union in 1939 the city was first captured by the Wehrmacht and soon passed on to the USSR in accordance with German–Soviet Frontier Treaty.
There are churches and cathedrals of various dimensions, a variety of museums and old buildings, long and beautiful pedestrian zone there, but Brest's main claim is definitely the Fortress of Brest.
The design of the fortress was approved by the Emperor Nicholas I in 1830. The fortress appeared to be a masterpiece of military engineering as well as an outstanding work of art. By the beginning of the 20th century the fortress was the main Russian outpost on the western border. However the present fame was gained by the Brest Fortress during the years of WWII. The fortress is one of the most important Soviet WWII monuments marking the heroic resistance of the Red Soviet Army against the surprise German attack on June 22, 1941. "We were three. It was difficult for us but we die as heroes", - a soldier scribbled on the wall before his death. Walking around inside of the fortress it is easy to feel the desperation that must have faced the defenders as they were outnumbered and annihilated by the German forces.
Visiting Brest Fortress soon as possible and you need to pay attention to the other most valuable tourist attraction of Brest - a unique archaeological museum "Berestye". This museum and the fortress of Brest is a single tourist complex. During excavations in the area of Brest fortress a lot of ancient things were discovered. It was the real Old City of Brest! Then a special building was constructed, which performs the function of protection of ancient sites and maintain the ideal conditions for their preservation. This building became the museum, which is now open to the public. This museum is absolutely unique for Belarus.
Also, in the territory of the Brest Fortress there is the former garrison church of St. Nicholas, originally built in 1876. The church operates today. This church is a valuable monument of architecture. Outside the church has been completely restored, but the interior of the church has not been restored since WWII. The walls still bear the traces of the results of various projectiles. A visit to this temple is very impressive.
On the territory of the Brest fortress is also located a female Orthodox monastery. This monastery founded in our time in one of the best preserved of the former buildings of the Brest fortress, which previously housed the regimental school.
Finally, it is worth mentioning also about the ruins of the former convent and church of the Bernardine. Originally, the monastery was built in the second half of the 18th century. This is one of the few buildings of the historic center of the old Brest, which was not completely destroyed (or rebuilt to the needs of the fortress) in the construction of the citadel. But it is still today the only building in the fortress, which continues to deteriorate and is in a derelict state.
Another important attraction of Brest is the Catholic church of the Elevation of the Holy Cross, built here in 1856. This church is located on the central square. It is remarkable to note an interesting ideological rendering of the former Soviet authorities of Brest: Lenin statue, installed in the same area of the city of Brest, pointing the way, shows strictly to the church.
Another interesting attraction of the city of Brest is a museum of railway equipment. This museum contains a lot of locomotives and other railway vehicles. A positive feature of this museum is that visitors are allowed to see the interior of all the exhibits. One can examine how the driver's cab and the engine compartment of most locomotives. It is possible to take pictures of everything without limitations. Museum of railway vehicles in Brest is very for Belarus it has no more analogues in the country.
In addition, there are so many different historical buildings, which can be attributed to the historical city building. Most of them belong to the second half of the 19th century or early 20th century. There is a whole pedestrianized street surrounded by interesting historical buildings. Making the most of the street (benches, lampposts and so on) as the style of old, and in the middle of the street set beautiful monument "Millennium of Brest." Special mention also deserves the central station of the city of Brest, built in 1886. Otherwise, the historical buildings of Brest city are: a former residential (houses) and administration (courts, hospitals, schools, gymnasiums, banks, post office, etc.) buildings, the Museum of Recovered Values (where objects of great cultural value (mostly icons) prevented from smuggling are exhibited), the Museum of the city history, Russian Orthodox Cathedral of St. Simeon (built in 1868), Russian Orthodox church of St. Nicholas (built in 1906). The list can be continued…